考前必背,2013年12月四六级作文预测

2019-11-08 07:04栏目:外语留学
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  2014年6月英语四级六级考试即将开始,我们真正能够有效复习的时间已经不多了。如何在短时间内提高成绩?我们要有针对性地了解考点和对策。今天帮大家解决一个最棘手也是最能短时间内突破的版块。

  四级英语样卷:

  亲爱的同学们:有些同学建议我把作文最好附上翻译,我觉得这也代表了很大一部分同学的心声。这里把我整理的本次四六级可能要考的作文类型再一次全面的发布一下。见日志如见我本人。这两篇模板可以说覆盖了四六级作文可能涉及到的主要两种可能,大家仔细阅读。但是我作文课上讲的所有内容请大家好好复习。因为只有平时好好学,才能有好结果。临时抱佛脚的要是轻松通过,那么让平时努力学习扎扎实实学习的同学情何以堪啊!

四级考试写作部分主要考查校园生活、日常生活、社会热点话题。根据历年写作真题可知,需要了解以下模板:
1
说明利弊型作文模板
Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First, ______ (A 的 优 点 之 一 ).Besides, ______ (A 的优点之二 ).

  听力35%;阅读35%;写作翻译30%

图片 1四级作文样卷

  下面给大家两篇本次四六级最可能考的文章类型。一个是“观点对比类作文”;另外一个是“问题解决类作文”。以及所压、押的五个题目。另外,本次作文考察的形式很可能是图画类作文,这也是以后四六级和考研[微博]英语作文出题形式的大趋势。

But
every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One
of the disadvantages is that, ______ (A 的第一个缺点 ). What’s worse, ______
(A 的第二个缺点 ).

  写作和翻译:实质就是汉译英:汉译英的障碍就是语法和词汇——语法:语序+嵌套

  六级作文样卷 

  王泉老师不是神,这里不是押题,不是算命,而是讲“事物发展规律”,用历史唯物主义的方法论和世界观帮助同学们搭建未来。好了闲话少许,请看大屏幕!!!!

Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ______ ( 我的看法 ).

  形式最重要!!!高级词汇+复杂局势+过渡衔接

  “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s need, but not every man’s greed。” 

  预测一 A Harmonious Dormitory Life

[ 或 From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ______. ( 对前景的预测 )]
2
漫画 / 图表作文写作模板
模板 1
As can be clearly seen from the picture/ drawing/ cartoon (As is shown in the table/figure), great changed have taken place in ______. The ______ have/ has jumped from ______ to ______.

  字数:120~180

  预测一 Living alone or Living with Roommates?

  和谐的寝室生活

When it comes to the reasons for the changes, different people give different explanations. Here I shall just give a few. To begin with, ______. What’s more, ______. Last but not least, ______.

  核心语法定语从句:

  1. 有人认为大学里应独自生活  

  预测二 Students’ Rating of Their Teachers

While it is desirable that ______, there are still some problems and difficulties for ______. Firstly, ______. In addition, ______. In a word, ______.

  A is …, which can …

  2. 另一些认为大学里应与别人同住 

  学生给老师打分

( 或 As far as I am concerned, ______. For one thing, ______. For another, ______. In brief, I hold that ______. )
模板2
What is shown in the picture/ drawing/ cartoon above indicates that in recent years, more and more people pay attention to ______. The number of those who ______ has increased ______, and furthermore, ______.

  身份/属性;成就和功能。

  3. 你的看法 

  预测三 Should We Help Strangers?

There are two factors responsible for the changes. In the first place, ______. Moreover, ______. Yet, it is noticeable that ______.

  爱心:Love is a kind of emotional strength, which can support us no matter how dark the world around us becomes and how hard the way ahead will be。

  预测二  Students‘ Rating of Their Teachers

  应不应该帮助陌生人

From the analysis, we can safely draw the conclusion that ______. It is possible that in the future, the tendency will ______.
3
立场选择写作模板
There is a widespread concern over the issue that ______ ( 谈 论 全 题 ). But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that ______ ( 观点一 ). In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ______ ( 原因一 ). In the second place, ______ ( 原因二 ). But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that ______ ( 观点二 ).

  替换词friendship; knowledge; family; diligence; insisting; determination; optimism; harmony

  1. 学生给老师打分已经普遍 

  预测四 Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of private school

As for me, I agree to the former/ latter idea. There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, ______ ( 论据一 ). More importantly, ______ ( 论据二 ). Most importantly of all, ______ ( 论据三 ).

  替换词:合作精神;勤奋;友谊;家庭;坚持;决心;乐观;和谐——the greatest humanistic spirit

  2. 人们对其持不同态度 

  培训学校的利与弊

As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that ______ ( 观 点 一或二 ). It is not only because ______, but also because ______. The more______, the more ______.
4
社会问题或现象写作模板
模板 1:
Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, ______ ( 调查内容说明这种现象的情况 ) .

  …是我们时代的主题(the theme of our era)

  3. 我的看法

  预测五 Disasters(negative attitudes or positive attitudes)

There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. ______ has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated ( 表达 ) in the following aspects.

  流行与时尚 fashionable

  预测三 Should We Help Strangers?  

  有关对于灾难的态度(积极或消极)

A dozen of measures are supposed to be taken to prevent ______ ( 现象或问题) from bringing us more harm. Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will ______ ( 预测前景).

  网络:Internet is a kind of great invention in the 20th century, which can make the peoplefar away from each other in distance closer than ever before。

  1. 有人认为帮助陌生人是一种美德;  

  观点对比类议论文 A or B?

模板 2:
Recently, the phenomenon of ______ has become the focus of the public concern. It is no easy/simple task to offer the reason for this phenomenon which involves more than one complicated factor. What has caused this problem? It seems to me that there are several reasons as follows.

  空调:Air-conditioner is a kind of invention in the 20th century, which can make the temperature comfortable。

  2. 有人却认为帮助陌生人会给自己带来麻烦和危险; 

  第一段:引出主题+一方观点

First of all, ______. What is more, ______. Last but not the least, ______. In view of the seriousness of the phenomenon, effective measures should be taken.

  总结:主题词发出两个动作:性质+能力

  3. 我认为……

  第二段:另一方观点

On one hand, it is high time that people all over China realized the seriousness of the phenomenon. On the other hand, the government should issue laws and regulations to put the situation under control. Only in this way can we successfully solve the problem.

  看到图怎么办?

  观点对比类议论文 

  第三段:个人观点

  非限定性定语从句——正如这幅第一眼看上去诙谐可笑但第二眼看上去发人深省的图画生动地描述,给我印象最为深刻的显著特征是……

  第一段:引出主题+一方观点      第二段:另一方观点      第三段:个人观点 

  第一段:首句

  As is vividly depicted in the picture which seems to be humorous and ridiculous but thought-provoking on the second thoughts, the most striking feature that impresses me profoundly is that Spring, one of the realest men throughout the history of mankind all around the whole world that I have ever seen in my entire life, who is thebest that there ever was and the best that there ever will be, is a good teacher that is momentous and fundamental to anyone who want to win the future what the light is vital and significant to the people who desire to break through the dark,and that can support us to realize our vision and achieve our goals no matter how dark the world around us becomes and how hard the way ahead will be, because without him, we could have done nothing, including dream, success, hope and future。

  第一段:首句 

  ①万能句型:What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the phenomenon that …

  预测一A Harmonious Dormitory Life

  ①万能句型:What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the phenomenon that …

  翻译:这幅发人深省的图片反映了。。。(填主题词)这一现象。

  预测二Students’ Rating of Their Teachers

  “网络的利与弊” Most of individuals spend too much time on their computer terminal rather than relating to people in the real world。

  ② There is no consensus of opinions among people regarding whether + 主题句。

  预测三Should We Help Strangers?

  “环境污染” What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the phenomenon that the environment of tourist areas is polluted by tourists。

  翻译:关于是否应该。。。(填主题句)这一问题一直存在着争论。

  预测四Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of private school

  万能句型:The phenomenon of … has been known for years. 某种现象或问题普遍存在或由来已久。

  ③Some people hold the attitude that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  预测五Disasters(negative attitudes or positive attitudes)

  The problem of tourist pollution has been known for years in today’s China。

  翻译:一些人认为应该。。。

  观点对比类议论文A or B?

  “追星” The phenomenon of idolatry has been known for years in today’s China。

  ④原因如下:1,2,3…The reasons can be listed as follows。

  第一段:引出主题+一方观点 第二段:另一方观点 第三段:个人观点

  “过度开采“ The phenomenon of overexploitation has been known for years in today’s China。

  翻译:原因如下:

  第一段:首句

  3)举一反三原则 

  Firstly… 首先

  ①万能句型:What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the phenomenon that …

  第一段: ② There is no consensus of opinions among people regarding whether + 主题句。

  Secondly…其次

  “网络的利与弊”Most of individuals spend too much time on their computer terminal rather than relating to people in the real world。

  ③“认为,想”怎么说?

  Thirdly…最后

  “环境污染” What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the phenomenon that the environment of tourist areas is polluted by tourists。

  Some people hold the attitude that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  第二段:另一方观点

  万能句型:The phenomenon of …has been known for years. 某种现象或问题普遍存在或由来已久。

  Some individuals are under the impression that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  ①观点对比之间的过渡句

  The problem of tourist pollution has been known for years in today’s China。

  ④原因如下:1,2,3…The reasons can be listed as follows。

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every coin has its two sides”。

  “追星” The phenomenon of idolatry has been known for years in today’s China。

  Firstly…

  翻译:正如一句古老的阿拉伯谚语曾这样说过:“硬币都有两个面。”

  “过度开采“ The phenomenon of overexploitation has been known for years in today’s China。

  Secondly…

  ② 提出另一方观点:On the contrary, others are under the impression that…

  ②There is no consensus of opinions among people regarding whether + 主题句。

  Thirdly…

  翻译:另一些人认为。。。

  ③“认为,想”怎么说?

  第二段:另一方观点

  ③ 分论点:There are some reasons behind this attitude。

  Some people hold the attitude that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  ①观点对比之间的过渡句

  翻译:原因如下。

  Some individuals are under the impression that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every coin has its two sides”。

  For one thing… 一方面

  ④原因如下:1,2,3…The reasons can be listed as follows。

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every sword has its two edges。”

  For another…另一方面

  Firstly…

  ② 提出另一方观点:On the contrary, others are under the impression that…

  第三段: 你认为…

  Secondly…

  ③ 分论点:There are some reasons behind this attitude。

  ★表明立场

  Thirdly…

  For one thing… 

  ① From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the former opinion rather than the latter one。

  第二段:另一方观点

  For another…

  翻译:我认为前一个观点比后一个观点更有道理。

  ①观点对比之间的过渡句

  第三段: 你认为…

  ★得出结论

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every coin has its two sides”。

  ★表明立场

  ② From what has been discussed above, we may naturally arrive at the conclusion that…

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every sword has its two edges。”

  ① From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the former opinion rather than the latter one。

  翻译:综上所述,我们可以得出。。。的结论。

  ② 提出另一方观点:On the contrary, others are under the impression that…

  ★得出结论

  问题阐释:What caused this problem, and what solutions can solve this problem?

  ③ 分论点:There are some reasons behind this attitude。

  ② From what has been discussed above, we may naturally arrive at the conclusion that…

  第一段:背景主题

  For one thing…

  ★喊口号

  第二段:分析原因

  For another…

  ③Generally speaking, it is high time that we placed great emphasis on this issue. That is to say, further attention is to be paid to this issue。

  第三段:解决方案

  第三段: 你认为…

  ★谈措施

  第一段:背景主题(4句)

  ★表明立场

  ④Only through effective actions that has been taken can we prevent this trend。

  ①In this age of change, the human society is progressing rapidly on various fronts。

  ①From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the former opinion rather than the latter one。

  应用文(书信):

  翻译:在这样一个发展变化的年代,人类社会在各个领域迅猛地不断向前发展。

  ★得出结论

  1.信息点的覆盖2.内容的组织 3.语言的准确性 4.格式 5.语域的恰当

  ②Yet at the same time, many problems have arisen, a serious one of which is … (主题词)

  ②From what has been discussed above, we may naturally arrive at the conclusion that…

  课程内容:

  翻译:但是与此同时很多问题应运而生,其中最严重的问题是。。。

  ★喊口号

  1. 写作格式    2. 书信结构    3. 套语汇总

  ③This issue has drawn widespread attention。

  ③Generally speaking, it is high time that we placed great emphasis on this issue. That is to say, further attention is to be paid to this issue。

  1. 写作格式

  翻译:这一问题引起了广泛关注。

  ★谈措施

  1.1 顶格式写法

  ④In this essay, I will analyze some possible causes of this phenomenon and then propose some solutions。

  ④Only through effective actions that has been taken can we prevent this trend。

  Dear XXX,

  翻译:在这篇文章中,我将分析一下产生这一现象的原因并提出解决它的办法。

  问题阐释:What caused this problem, and what solutions can solve this problem?

  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  第二段:分析原因(4句)

  第一段:背景主题

  Yours sincerely,

  ①It is obvious that the causes of this issue are diverse。

  第二段:分析原因

  Liming 

  翻译:很明显,产生这个问题的原因有很多。

  第三段:解决方案

  1.2 空格式写法 

  ②In the first place, … is the root cause of this crisis。

  第一段:背景主题(4句)

  Dear XXX,

  翻译:首先,。。。(原因一要名词)是这个问题的根本原因。

  ①In this age of change, the human society is progressing rapidly on various fronts。

  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  ③In the second place, … constitutes a major cause of this situation。

  ②Yet at the same time, many problems have arisen, a serious one of which is …

  Yours sincerely,

  翻译:其次,。。。(原因二要名词)是构成了这一问题的一个主要原因。

  ③This issue has drawn widespread attention。

  Liming 

  ④Finally, … plays a pivotal role in this problem。

  ④In this essay, I will analyze some possible causes of this phenomenon and then propose some solutions。

  2. 书信结构

  翻译:最后,。。。(原因三要名词)在这一问题中充当重要角色。

  第二段:分析原因(4句)

  2.1 称呼     2.2 正文     2.3 结束语     2.4 签名及落款

  第三段:解决方案(4句)

  ①It is obvious that the causes of this issue are diverse。

  2.1 称呼

  ①Accordingly, the solution to this problem should be varied as well。

  ②In the first place, … is the root cause of this crisis。

  (1)正式的称呼--收信人是某个领导或者是上司

  翻译:同样解决这一问题的办法也是多种多样的。

  ③In the second place, … constitutes a major cause of this situation。

  Dear Mr. XXX或者Dear Ms. XXX

  ②To begin with, governments and relevant administrations should take effective measures and spare no effort to control this problem。

  ④Finally, … plays a pivotal role in this problem

  (2)不正式的称呼--收信人是朋友或者熟人

  翻译:首先,政府和有关部门要采取有效措施不遗余力地控制住这一问题。

  第三段:解决方案(4句)

  Dear +given name

  ③What is more, it is necessary to raise people’s awareness of .。.

  ①Accordingly, the solution to this problem should be varied as well。

  2.2 正文

  翻译:另外,有必要提升人们的。。。意识。

  ②To begin with, governments and relevant administrations should take effective measures and spare no effort to control this problem。

  1) 7~10个句子;3~5个关联词;3~5个从句

  ④Only when these practical measures are taken can this problem be dealt with step by step and gone with the wind。

  ③What is more, it is necessary to raise people’s awareness of…

  2) 第一段:2句;自我介绍+表明目的

  翻译:只有当这些措施付诸实践后,这个问题才能一步步得到解决。

  ④Only when these practical measures are taken can this problem be dealt with step by step and gone with the wind。

  第二段:3~6句;解释说明+具体阐述

  祝大家顺利通过!

  以上就是四六级考试中作文部分的拿分策略,祝大家取得好成绩!

  第三段:2句;表示感谢+期盼回信

  2.3 结束语

  (1)写给团体、组织、机构:     Yours faithfully,

  (2)写给老板、上司、老师:    Yours sincerely,

  (3)写给好朋友,熟人等等:    Kind regards, Best wishes,

  2.4 签名及落款:永远的“李明”

  3. 套语汇总

  扫头扫尾

  告知对方你的身份

  “我是…”或“我的名字叫…”

  I am … or My name is …=> This letter comes to you from a student named …

  表明写信目的

  表示“告诉某人某事”?

  Tell =>Convey; Inform; Explain; Express; Extend

  感谢,不满,歉意,邀请 …

  Gratitude Wonder Dissatisfaction Apology Invitation

  万能句式:

  (1) I am writing to you to express my gratitude … 

  (2) The purpose of my letter is to convey my dissatisfaction… 

  (3) The reason why I write this letter is to extend my apology…

  2. 结尾段

  (1)表示感谢(2)提出要求(3)期盼回信

  (1)表示感谢的句型

  ① 我对您能读我这封信的感激之情无以言表。

  Words fail me when I want to express my gratitude to you for reading through this letter。

  (2)表示期待的句型

  在你方便地时候请尽早给我们答复。

  Kindly let us have your reply at your earliest convenience. 

 

  六级作文样卷 

  “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man’s need, but not every man’s greed。” 

  预测一 Living alone or Living with Roommates?

  1. 有人认为大学里应独自生活  

  2. 另一些认为大学里应与别人同住 

  3. 你的看法 

  预测二  Students‘ Rating of Their Teachers

  1. 学生给老师打分已经普遍 

  2. 人们对其持不同态度 

  3. 我的看法

  预测三 Should We Help Strangers?  

  1. 有人认为帮助陌生人是一种美德;  

  2. 有人却认为帮助陌生人会给自己带来麻烦和危险; 

  3. 我认为……

  观点对比类议论文 

  第一段:引出主题+一方观点      第二段:另一方观点      第三段:个人观点 

  第一段:首句 

  ①万能句型:What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the phenomenon that …

  “网络的利与弊” Most of individuals spend too much time on their computer terminal rather than relating to people in the real world。

  “环境污染” What this thought-provoking drawing mirrors is the phenomenon that the environment of tourist areas is polluted by tourists。

  万能句型:The phenomenon of … has been known for years. 某种现象或问题普遍存在或由来已久。 ;

  The problem of tourist pollution has been known for years in today’s China。

  “追星” The phenomenon of idolatry has been known for years in today’s China。

  “过度开采“ The phenomenon of overexploitation has been known for years in today’s China。

  3)举一反三原则 

  第一段: ② There is no consensus of opinions among people regarding whether + 主题句。

  ③“认为,想”怎么说?

  Some people hold the attitude that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  Some individuals are under the impression that +主题句的肯定或否定。

  ④原因如下:1,2,3…The reasons can be listed as follows。

  Firstly…

  Secondly…

  Thirdly…

  第二段:另一方观点

  ①观点对比之间的过渡句

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every coin has its two sides”。

  Just as an old Arab proverb says, “Every sword has its two edges。”

  ② 提出另一方观点:On the contrary, others are under the impression that…

  ③ 分论点:There are some reasons behind this attitude。

  For one thing… 

  For another…

  第三段: 你认为…

  ★表明立场

  ① From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the former opinion rather than the latter one。

  ★得出结论

  ② From what has been discussed above, we may naturally arrive at the conclusion that…

  ★喊口号

  ③Generally speaking, it is high time that we placed great emphasis on this issue. That is to say, further attention is to be paid to this issue。

  ★谈措施

  ④Only through effective actions that has been taken can we prevent this trend。

  应用文(书信):

  1.信息点的覆盖2.内容的组织 3.语言的准确性 4.格式 5.语域的恰当

  课程内容:

  1. 写作格式    2. 书信结构    3. 套语汇总

  1. 写作格式

  1.1 顶格式写法

  Dear XXX,

  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  Yours sincerely,

  Liming 

  1.2 空格式写法 

  Dear XXX,

  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

  Yours sincerely,

  Liming 

  2. 书信结构

  2.1 称呼     2.2 正文     2.3 结束语     2.4 签名及落款

  2.1 称呼

  (1)正式的称呼--收信人是某个领导或者是上司

  Dear Mr. XXX或者Dear Ms. XXX

  (2)不正式的称呼--收信人是朋友或者熟人

  Dear +given name

  2.2 正文

  1) 7~10个句子;3~5个关联词;3~5个从句

  2) 第一段:2句;自我介绍+表明目的

  第二段:3~6句;解释说明+具体阐述

  第三段:2句;表示感谢+期盼回信

  2.3 结束语

  (1)写给团体、组织、机构:     Yours faithfully,

  (2)写给老板、上司、老师:    Yours sincerely,

  (3)写给好朋友,熟人等等:    Kind regards, Best wishes,

  2.4 签名及落款:永远的“李明”

  3. 套语汇总

  扫头扫尾

  告知对方你的身份

  “我是…”或“我的名字叫…”

  I am …   or  My name is …=> This letter comes to you from a student named …

  表明写信目的

  表示“告诉某人某事”?

  Tell =>Convey; Inform; Explain;   Express;  Extend

  感谢,不满,歉意,邀请 …

  Gratitude          Wonder         Dissatisfaction        Apology             Invitation

  万能句式:

  (1) I am writing to you to express my gratitude … 

  (2) The purpose of my letter is to convey my dissatisfaction… 

  (3) The reason why I write this letter is to extend my apology…

  2. 结尾段

  (1)表示感谢(2)提出要求(3)期盼回信

  (1)表示感谢的句型

  ① 我对您能读我这封信的感激之情无以言表。

  Words fail me when I want to express my gratitude to you for reading through this letter。

  (2)表示期待的句型

  在你方便地时候请尽早给我们答复。

  Kindly let us have your reply at your earliest convenience. 

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