新浪教育[微博] 讯 2013年12月14日全国大学英语六级考试已结束，本次考试为多题多卷，新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题，供考生参考，以下是2013年12月英语六级阅读点评(新东方)：
56、A根据四个有规律的选项信息可判断这是不定式问目的的题目。先找到定位点，再在定位点附近找包含信息的不定式。根据题干信息，画出定位词“computers, smartphones and other devices”可以迅速定位到文章首段首句——“Hospitals, hoping to curb medical error, have invested heavily to put computers, smartphones and other devices into the hands of medical staff…”。其中“invested…into the hands of medical staff”就是题干“equip their staff with。。”所同义改写的部分。定位句中的插入语部分“hoping to curb medical error”即要找的不定式，对比原文和选项，“curb”是抑制的意思，选项中的“reduce”是对它的同义改写，最后选A——to reduce medical error。
简答题之Highly proficient musicianship
57、C 例证题。按题干定位词“distracted doctoring”定位在第三段。而distracted doctoring所描述的是第三段首句的“this phenomenon”，讲的是第二段中所例证的phenomenon，所以答案往上一段找。第二段首句举例说明了随之而来的“side effect”——“doctors and nurses can be focused on the screen and not the patient”、“admitted texting during a procedure”，可见作者通过说“distracted doctoring”是想说明devices的“side effect”，即C选项。
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A)， B)， C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。
58 、B 根据题干信息“Dr. Peter Papadakos”定位在文章第四段和第五段，其中都包含了DPP这个人所说的话。第四段说到把devices带到医院“to do medical records”，同时也可以上网、看脸书，而且这些会更加的“tempting”；第五段说道自己的“fut feeling”即“worry”是“lives are in danger”。总结两段的表述，devices对医生的吸引以及病人生命危在旦夕，即可选出B选项——Doctors’ interaction with their devices may endanger patients’ lives。
这篇文章的难点在于对基本功词汇量的考核，比如最后一题你要不认识文中的crack the whip，你显然不能定位到出题的位置，比如第三题你要分不清be subjected to 和besubject to的区别，你就有极高的概率被坑爹。亲们，背单词这事儿，我就帮不了你们了。记得加入@任强Aaron 创建的【早起追梦团】，好好背单词吧。微信搜索：wdvocabulary
Questions 61-65 are based on the following passage。
59、C 因果题。根据题干信息问的是“why”——原因，因此要确定找到定位点附近的因果词，判断孰因孰果选出答案。根据题干“increasing pressure”定位在文章第七段最后一行最后一句，根据金三句原则——定位句本身以及前句和后句，找到第八段首句“The pressure stems from”——“这种压力源自…”即答案在这个后面。可选出答案为在根据定位词oil trade以及顺序原则定位到文章最后一段。根据文章主旨和前文内容，或者是根据定位段信息可知“United States imports a great of energy”，让能源输出国有利可图，而同时“At the same time”，美国本身也有自身利益——“we derive massive economic benefits…when we engage in energy trade around the world。”，答案选A——“It proves profitable to both sides”。
Some of the world’s most significant problems never hit headlines.One example comes from agriculture. Food riots and hunger make news. But the trend lying behind these matters is rarely talked about. This is the decline in the growth in yields of some of the world’s major crops.A new study by the University of Minnesota and McGill University in Montreal looks at where, and how far, this decline is occurring。
Questions 52 to 56 are based pm the following passage。
60、B 根据题干信息Peter Carmel以及顺序原则定位到最后一段，而对“doctors”的“advice”应该在末段末句的后半部分“but he added that doctors’ first priority should be with the patient”，即对医生的建议摆在首位的一定是“patient”，四个选项中跟patient相关的只有选项B，其他均未提及。
47. motivation andpractice
The authors take a vast number of data points for the four most important crops: rice, wheat corn and soybeans(大豆). They find that on between 24% and 39% of all harvested areas, the improvement in yields that tood place before the 1980s slowed down in the 1990s and 2000s。
In 2011, many shoppers chose to avoid the frantic crowds and do their holiday shopping from the comfort of their computer. Sales at online retailers gained by more than 15%， making it the biggest season ever. But people are also returning those purchases at record rates, up 8% from last year。
48. leisure time
There are two worrying features of the slowdown. One is that it has been particularly sharp in the world’s most populous(人口多的) countries, India and China. Their ability to feed themselves has been an important source of relative stability both within the countries and on world food markets. That self-sufficiency cannot be taken for granted if yields continue to slow down or reverse。
What went wrong? Is the lingering shadow of the global financial crisis making it harder to accept extravagant indulgences? Or that people shop more impulsively—and therefore make bad decisions—when online? Both arguments are plausible. However, there is a third factor: a question of touch. We can love the look but, in an online environment, we cannot feel the quality of a texture, the shape of the fit, the fall of a fold or, for that matter, the weight of an earring. And physically interacting with an object makes you more committed to your purchase。
49. musicians anddancers
Second, yield growth has been lower in wheat and rice than in corn and soyabeans. This is problematic because wheat and rice are more important as foods, accounting for around half of all calories consumed. Corn and soyabeans are more important as feed grains. The authors note that “we have preferentially focused our crop improvement efforts on feeding animals and cars rather than on crops that feed people and are the basis of food security in much of the world。”
When my most recent book Brandwashed was released, I teamed up with a local bookstore to conduct an experiment about the difference between the online and offline shopping experience. I carefully instructed a group of volunteers to promote my book in two different ways. The first was a fairly hands-off approach. Whenever a customer would inquire about my book, the volunteer would take them over to the shelf and point to it. Out of 20 such requests, six customers proceeded with the purchase。
What does the author think the leaders he knows?
50. treated as special(原文是treating as special)
The report qualifies the more optimistic findings of another new paper which suggests that the world will not have to dig up a lot more land for farming in order to feed 9 billion people in 2050, as the Food and Agriculture Organisation has argued。
The second option also involved going over to the shelf but, this time, removing the book and them subtly holding onto it for just an extra moment before placing it in the customer’s hands. Of the 20 people who were handed the book, 13 ended up buying it. Just physically passing the book showed a big difference in sales. Why? We feel something similar to a sense of ownership when we hold things in our hand. That’s why we establish or reestablish connection by greeting strangers and friends with a handshake. In this case, having to then let go of the book after holding it might generate a subtle sense of loss, and motivate us to make the purchase even more。
A.Many of them are used to taking charge。(他们中的很多人习惯于掌控)
51. the key factor
Instead, it says, thanks to slowing population growth, land currently ploughted up for crops might be able to revert(回返)to forest or wilderness. This could happen. The trouble is that the forecast assumes continued improvements in yields, which may not actually happen。
A recent study also revealed the power of touch, in this case when it came to conventional mail. A deeper and longer-lasting impression of a message was formed when delivered in a letter, as opposed to receiving the same message online. Brain imaging showed that, on touching the paper, the emotional center of the brain was activated, thus forming a stronger bond. The study also indicated that once touch becomes part of the process, it could translate into a sense of possession。
B.Few of them are equal to their positions。(他们中很少有人配得上自己的职位)
This sense of ownership is simply not part of the equation in the online shopping experience。
C.Many of them fail to fully develop their potential。(他们中的很多人没有完全开发自己的潜力)
61.What does the author try to draw attention to?
D.Few of them are familiar with leadership literature。(他们中很少有人熟悉领导手册) 题目问作者是如何看待他所认识的领导者的。通过顺序原则和定位词the leaders he knows可以找到文章第二段的第一句，I see way fewer truly effective leaders than I see people stuck in positions of leadership who are sadly incompetent and seriously misguided about their own abilities。注意这句话里的way并不是我们所熟知的名词含义“方法”，而是一个程度副词，类似于“相当地”。这句话的大致意思就是“相比于那些真正高效的领导者，我见到更多的是处在领导者的位置却却总是被自己的无能给蒙蔽的人”。B选项即为这句话的同义改写。
A)Food riots and hunger in the world. C)The decline of the grain yield growth。
52. Why do people prefer shopping online according to the author?
52. Why dopeople prefer shopping online according to the author?
B)News headlines in the leading media. D)The food supply in populous countries。
A) It is more comfortable and convenient。
Why are some people eager to grab leadership positions?
It is morecomfortable and convenient。
62.Why does the author mention India and China in particular?
B) It saves them a lot of money and time。
A.They believe they have the natural gift to lead。(他们认为自己有天生的领导才能)
53. Why domore customers return their purchases bought online?
A)Their self-sufficiency is vital to the stability of world food markets。
C) It offers them a lot more options and bargains。
B.They believe in what leadership literature says。(他们相信领导手册说的东西)
They had nochance to touch them when shopping online. (作者确实讲了三个原因，但是你们看到逻辑关系标志词However木有！！！)
B)Their food yields have begun to decrease sharply in recent years。
D) It gives them more time to think about their purchase。
C.They have proved competent in many situations。(他们在很多情况下都被证明是无能的)
54. What isthe purpose of author’s experiment?
C)Their big populations are causing worldwide concerns。
53. Why do more customers return their purchases bought online?
D.They derive great satisfaction from being leaders。(他们在做领导时感受到极度的不满) 题目问为什么很多人总是热衷于领导职位。这道题是因果细节题，常规的解决方法是通过题干路标词定位，再在定位句附近寻找因果逻辑词锁定答案。通过grab leadership position定位到第四段第二句Whether it’s a decision-making session, a basketball game, a family outing, they can’t help grabbing the lead dog position and cling to it for dear life. 这句话意思不难理解，说的就是很多人领导欲很强不管是在什么场合之下。往后一句话直接道破了他们这样做的原因。They believe they are natural born leaders. A选项同义改写，为正选。
To test hishypothesis about online shopping. (这个题目纠结吗？要阅读长长的两个自然段才能做出一个题？有木有看到倒数第二段的Why? 因果关系有圈吗？)
D)Their food self-sufficiency has been taken for granted。
A) They regretted indulging in costly items in the recession。
55. How mightpeople feel after letting go of something they held?
63.What does the new study by the two universities say about recent crop improvement efforts?
B) They changed their mind by the time the goods were delivered。
What characterizes a great leader according to the author?
More motivatedto own it。
A)They fail to produce the same remarkable results as before the 1980s。
C) They had no chance to touch them when shopping online。
A.Being able to take prompt action when chances present themselves。(当机会自己出现时能做出及时的反应)
56. What doestrain imaging in a recent study reveal?
B)They contribute a lot to the improvement of human food production。
D) They later found the quality of goods below their expectations。
B.Having a whole-hearted dedication to their divine responsibilities。(全身心地奉献给他们神圣的责任)
Physical touchhelps form a sense of possession. (The studyalso indicated that 找到木有？并列关系 下结论的地方必须考啊)
C)They play a major role in guaranteeing the food security of the world。
54. What is the purpose of author’s experiment?
C.Having a full understanding of their own merits and weaknesses。(对自己的优点和缺点有深刻的理解)
深度阅读四选一之theexaggerated claims in the media about global warming
D)They focus more on the increase of animal feed than human food grains。
A) To test his hypothesis about online shopping。
D.Being able to assess the situation carefully before taking charge。(能在掌控之前仔细评估形势)
64.What does the Food and Agriculture Organisation say about world food production in the coming decades?
B) To find out people’s reaction to his recent book。
题目问根据作者，什么最能够用来形容一个成功的领导者。通过great leaders直接定位到文章第五段第四句。A great leader will assess each situation on its merits, and will only take charge when their position, the situation, and/or the needs of the moment demand it。这句话很明显就是作者对于成功领导者的描述，所以答案不言而喻，一个成功的领导者懂得审时度势，再决定是否应该掌控一切。所以D为正选。
A)The growing population will greatly increase the pressure on world food supplies。
C) To find ways to increase the sale of his new book。
57. In whatway do the media benefit from extreme weather?
B)The optimistic prediction about food production should be viewed with caution。
D) To try different approaches to sales promotion。
How will many business executives respond when their command fails to generate action? A.They reassess the situation at hand。(他们会重新估计当下的形势)
They can attractpeople’s attention to their reports. (one ofthe most比较)
C)The slowdown of the growth in yields of major food crops will be reversed。
55. How might people feel after letting go of something they held?
B.They become impatient and rude。(他们变的不耐烦和粗鲁)
58. What isthe author’s comment on Krugman’s claim about the current drought in America’sMidwest?
D)The world will be able to feed its population without increasing farmland。
A) A sense of disappointment C) A subtle loss of interest
C.They resort to any tool available。(他们会使用任何可用的工具)
There is no wayto prove its validity. (But、Moreover转折、递进)
65.How does the author view the argument of the Food and Agriculture Organisation?
B) More motivated to own it. D) Less sensitive to its texture。
D.They blame their team members。(他们会埋怨自己的团队成员)
59. What isthe chief reason for the rise in corn prices according to the author?
A)It is built on the findings of a new study。
56. What does train imaging in a recent study reveal?
题目问当命令没有落实到行动时，很多经理是如何反应的。通过many business executives 定位到第六段第一句话，Many business executives confuse leadership with action. 这句话并没有直接体现答案，所以我们可以适当地往后读。第三句话写到Faced with any situation can’t be solved by the sheer force of activity, they generate a dust cloud of impatience。意思是“当遇到没法全凭行动来解决的问题时，他们就会变得极度不耐烦”。这句话基本对应了B选项的impatient，但是还不够。再往后一句话，Their one leadership tool is volume: if they think you are not working as hard as they think you should, their demands become increasingly louder and harsher. “声音是他们的领导工具之一，如果他们认为你没有像他们期望的那么努力工作，他们的命令就会变得越来越大声和刺耳”。这一句话对应的是B里的rude。所以B为正选。
Considerableportion of corn is used to produce green fuel. (Finally递进)
B)It is based on a doubtful assumption。
A) Conventional letters contain subtle messages。
60. Whatdoes the author say about global wildfire incidence over the past 70 years?
C)It is backed by strong evidence。
B) A lack of touch is the chief obstacle to e-commerce。
What is the author’s advice to leaders?
It has droppedgreatly. (In fact下结论)
D)It is open to further discussion。
C) Email lacks the potential to activate the brain。
A.Concentrate on one specific task at a time。(同时只专注于一个特定的任务)
61. Whatdoes the author think of the exaggerated claims in the media about globalwarming?
参考答案： 61-65 CADDB
D) Physical touch helps form a sense of possession。
B.Use different tools to achieve different goals。(用不同的工具来实现不同的目标)
They do adisservice to addressing the problem。(because因果)
C.Build up s strong team to achieve their goals。(建立一个强大的团队来实现他们的目标)
D.Show determination when faced with tough tasks。(面临艰巨的任务时体现出强烈的决心) 题目问作者对于领导的建议是什么。做完前面四道题还有最后两段话没有用于定位，所以完全可以把两段话都快速读一遍。本题的答案出自最后一句话。A true leader is someone who develops his or her team so that they can and do hit their targets and achieve their goals. C选项就是整句话的同义改写，为正选。ABD均为无中生有。