2018年6月英语四级第一套卷真题及答案,2018年6月

2019-10-01 10:43栏目:外语留学
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  来源:新东方在线

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为部分英语四级阅读真题:

  [解析]文章第一段第二句提到了memory slips,作者说如果你有了memory slips你可能不用担心,因为,dementia(痴呆)的症状和记忆衰退中间的区别相当明显。因此选择A不是所有记忆衰退的征兆都意味着痴呆。BC无中生有,D偷梁换柱,文中讲的是after age 50, 不是among。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  B) collaborating J) innovation

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下是英语四级第一套卷的阅读试题解析:

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  [定位]根据题目找记忆力衰退的应对措施,定位到倒数第二段。

  C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  E) creating M) pollutants

  A。 Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  Passage One

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  [定位]根据symptom定位到文中第四段和第五段。

  49.A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve

  解析:题干关键词为signs of memory loss。定位到倒数第二段第一句话Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。故答案为A。

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  [定位]memory slips 文章第一段

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  [解析]文中提到changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain脑细胞的这些变化会影响到脑中不同区域的沟通。因此选C。A选项无中生有,利用常识进行干扰,B偷梁换柱原文只是提到shrink而不是stop functioning,D偷梁换柱Certain parts shrink而不是whole brain

  来源:新东方

  50。 D Staying active both physically and mentally。

  D) consumers L) outdoor

  C。 Communication within our brain weakens。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  F) detail N) restricted

  四级阅读Section C第一套

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  46.A Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  [定位]Dr。 Daffern’s advice定位到最后一段

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

  48。 A Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  B) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  A。 Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  据advice可定位到最一段。根据最后两句话可知既有脑力的也有体力的建议。符合D选项的描述。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  D。 Staying active both physically and mentally。

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  46。

  And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  48。

  题干关键词为memory slips,slip意思为小错误,可定位到原文第一段第二句和第三句。结合题干和原文可知,记忆的小错误并非全是痴呆的症状,而可能是由于年龄大。题干中symptoms意为症状和原文中的signs为同义替换。

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  [解析]文中倒数第二段提到人们应该想办法增强认知储存能力(cognitive reserve),而最好的办法在最后一段提到exercise is a known brain booster锻炼是最好的方法,因此选D。A选项偷梁换柱,原文为building up,BC无中生有。

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  [定位]We become aged,定位到第三段。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  [解析]文中提到when you forget entire experiences, that’s a red flag。当忘记整个的经验时需要严肃对待了,然后举了不知道怎么用微波炉的例子,也就是忘记了整个的日常流程one’s daily routines选择A选项。B选项具体细节、C选项电影和演员名称都属于日常事务细节,文中提到这些是老年的正常现象。D选项偷梁换柱,文中并没有提到是occasionally偶尔忘记。

  题干意思为哪一些症状应该被认真对待。关键词为symptoms和take seriously。第四段有far more concerning,意为严正关切,可知答案在第五段。本段列举了两个例子,一个是忘记了一些日常的东西比如烤箱的操作,一个是忘记了如何开车去老友家。题干A意思为完全忘记了如何去操作平常的一些例行公事。符合例子的特点。因此选A。

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  Passage One

  49。

  50。 D) Staying active both physically and mentally

  49。 A Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。

  The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

  47。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  解析:找到关键词 memory slips。对应到文章第一段But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。结合题干和原文可知,记忆的小错误并非全是痴呆的症状,而可能是由于年龄大。symptoms和signs为同义替换。顾答案选择A。

  When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

  [解析]该段前半部分举例子说明keep your brain busy and working,后面提到also get physically active因此作者在说让精神(brain)和身体(physical)都要保持活力,答案选D。A选项张冠李戴,having exercise 而不是having checkup。B选项无中生有,C选项张冠李戴并非修复(repair)而是建立认知储存(reserve)能力。

  D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

  C) Communication within our brain weakens。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  D。 Exercise to improve their well-being。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

  A) assisted I) inhabitants

  50。

  46。 A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia

  Passage One

  Section C(第一套)

  B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

  47。 C Communication within our brain weakens。

  After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  解析:题干关键词Dr Daffner’s advice ,memory loss。定位到文章最后一句。Dr Daffner’s adviceIn other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

  All of which, combined with California’s reputation as the home of technological 29 ,makes the place ideal for developing and testing systems designed to monitor pollution in 30 。And that is just what Aclima, a new firm in San Francisco, has been doing over the past few months。 It has been trying out monitoring that are 31 to yield minute-to-minute maps of 32 air pollution。 Such stations will also be able to keep an eye on what is happening inside buildings, including offices。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  解析:根据顺序原则对应文章定位句是Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 答案与定位句同义,顾答案C。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  47.C) Communication within our brain weakens

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  H) frequently

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  解析:题干关键词,memory-related symptom以及take seriously。定位到But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。关键点在far more concerning故答案选择A。

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks。 You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage。 Read the passage through carefully before making your choices。 Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter。 Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre。 You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once。

  作者:厦门新东方陈树通老师

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

  D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

  D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  Section C(第二套)

  2018年上半年全国大学英语四六级考试于6月16日进行,新浪教育24小时全程关注,为你带来第一手四六级考试资讯。以下为英语四级阅读详解:

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  Section A

  Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  G) domestic O) sum

  C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

  A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

  C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

  题干意思为,当严重的记忆衰退出现的时候,应该做什么?可定位到第6段最后一句“defense against memory …by building up your brain’s cognitive reserve。”符合A选项描述。

  Section C

  Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  Passage One

  B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

1 2 下一页

  Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

上一页 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 下一页

  B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

  题干意思为随着年龄增大,将会发生什么变化。根据出题顺序,第二段没有提到变化,第三段第三句有changes,意思为,脑细胞的变化会影响大脑不同区域间的沟通。此和C选项为同义替换,C选项题干意思为大脑内部的沟通会弱化。

  B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

  49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

  47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic。 There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of

  48。 A)Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines

  C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

  46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

  50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

  A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

  C) consequence K) intended

  To this end, Aclima has been 33 with Google’s Street View system。 Davida Herzl, Aclima’s boss, says they have revealed pollution highs on days when San Francisco’s transit workers went on strike and the city’s 34 were forced to use their cars。 Conversely, “cycle to work” days have done their job by 35 pollution lows。

  Since the 1940s,southern California has had a reputation for smog。 Things are not as bad as they once were but, according to the American Lung Association, Los Angeles is still the worst city in the United States for levels of 26 。Gazing down on the city from the Getty Center, an art museum in the Santa Monica Mountains, one would find the view of the Pacific Ocean blurred by the haze(霾)。Nor is the state’s bad air 27 to its south。 Fresno, in the central valley, comes top of the list in America for year-round pollution。 Residents’ hearts and lungs are affected as a 28 。

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